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Leptotyphlops sylvicolus


Range: South Africa, Eastern Cape to KwaZulu Natal Provinces


The Forest threadsnake is a distinctive but uncommon species endemic to a disjunct range along the eastern coast of South Africa; it has been recorded in three distinct areas, though may range in suitable habitat between these points and possibly into neighboring Mozambique. This species reaches approximately 12 cm in length, with a notably thicker build than most other threadsnakes. The head and neck are significantly thinner than the body, the head also slightly flatter than the neck, and the tail is blunt and rounded but tipped in a short spine. Scale row count midbody is 14, 10 on the tail, and dorsal scale count is distinctly low at 171-194. Color is uniformly dark brown to silver-black and highly polished. This species is readily distinguished from its relatives by its thick build, small head, and low dorsal count.


Habitat: Prefers coastal forests from whence it gains its name, under leaf litter and debris or in soft soils.


Prey: Unknown, likely small soft-bodied invertebrates such as ant and termite larvae.


Lifespan and reproduction: lifespan unknown. Oviparous.



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